China still tops the world in terms of total population. India is a little behind. However, the UN report says that our country will surpass China within the next year.
Details of the report
According to the report, the population of India and China this year is 141.2 crore and 142.6 crore respectively. This gap will be erased within a year. By 2050, China’s potential population will be more than 131 crores. At that time, India will go a long way (potential population is more than 166 crores).
This information came up in a report on population on behalf of the United Nations on the occasion of World Population Day on July 11. According to the report, on November 15 this year, the world’s population is expected to cross the 800 crore mark. In 2030 it will be 850 crores, in 2050 it will be 970 crores and in 2100 the potential population of the world will be more than 1040 crore!
According to the UN report, the two most populous regions in the world in 2022 are East and Southeast Asia and Central and South Asia. India and China fall between these two regions. East and Southeast Asia currently have a population of 2.3 billion (29 percent of the world’s population). Central and South Asia, on the other hand, have a population of 2.1 billion (26 percent of the world’s population). The report predicts that Central and South Asia will become the world’s most populous region by 2037. Because by 2030, the population in East and Southeast Asia will begin to decline.
Most of the projected population growth rates by 2050 will be seen in 8 countries. These include India, Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Tanzania.
According to the report, the world’s population growth rate has dropped by more than half since 1965 due to a decline in the number of births per woman. According to the forecast of the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation or IHME, the birth rate per woman in India will be 1.29 in 2100.
According to the United Nations, the number of males (50.3 percent) is slightly higher than the number of females (49.7 percent) in the current year’s population. The report predicts that by 2050, the number of women will be equal to that of men.
In 2020, for the first time since 1950, the annual population growth rate was less than 1 percent. The report predicts that this trend will continue for the next few decades.
The issue of immigrants has also come up in this context. Population patterns have changed in different parts of the world due to the impact of international migration. According to the report, at least one million people have left their country between 2010 and 2021. This trend has been most noticeable in some countries of the subcontinent. These include Pakistan (one crore 65 lakhs), India (35 lakhs), Bangladesh (29 lakhs), Nepal (16 lakhs) and Sri Lanka (10 lakhs).